Pierre Nkurunziza: is the current President of Burundi, after the June 2010 Parlimentary elections, in which all other candidates boycotted the election. He has been President since 2005 and joined the CNDD-FDD, which was then a rebel group, as a soldier, in 1994.
Godefroid Niyombare: In April 2009, the ex-rebel leader became the new Chief-of-Staff of the National Defence Force. He is an ex-combatant of the CNDD-FDD, and is the first Hutu to become Chief-of-Staff of the army, which was always controlled by the Tutsi ethnic group.
Agathon Rwasa is the leader of the National Liberation Forces (FNL), and was a rebel leader of the group during the civil war. The FNL was accused of committing some of the worst atrocities during the civil war. In 2002 Rwasa seized control of most of the FNL party. He boycotted the elections in 2010 and has been in hiding since then.
Alice Nzomukunda: is head of the Alliance for Democratic Renewal (ADC) which was founded in 2007 after she resigned as Second- Vice President of Burundi and a member of the CNDD-FDD after blaming official corruption and human rights abuses for derailing progress towards peace.
Leonard Nyangoma: ran as an electoral candidate under the National Council for the Defense of Democracy (CNDD), a radical opposition party.
CNDD-FDD: The National Council for the Defence of Democracy-Forces for the Defence of Democracy is the main Hutu former rebel group and has been in power since 2005, led by Pierre Nkurunziza
FNL: Forces for National Liberation is formerly the last remaining rebel Hutu group, in April 2009 they surrendered their arms to become a political party. Led by Agathon Rwasa.
ADC: Alliance for Democratic Renewal. Led by Alice Nzomukunda, it has also formed an umbrella organisation of 13 organisations called the Alliance of Democrats for Change in Burundi, which aims to fight against election fraud.
UPRONA: Union for National Progress is the traditional Tutsi party, formerly with strong links to the army, led by Jean-Baptiste Manwangari, who was a mediator at the Peace and Reconciliation Agreement.