Uganda: Conflict Timeline

1962: Uganda gained independence from Britain, maintaining membership of the Commonwealth.

1966: Milton Obote becomes President of Uganda under the UPC.

photo by A-birdie. Published under the Creative Commons Lisence1971: Obote is overthrown in a coup led by his military protégé Idi Amin.

1976: Amin declares himself President for life.

1979: Amin is toppled by a coalition of Ugandan rebels and Tanzanian troops.

1980: Obote wins elections and is once again President of Uganda.

1985: Obote is deposed and replace by General Tito Okello.

1986: Okello is deposed by the National Resistance Army (NRA), led by Yoweri Museveni. Museveni is declared President.

Late 1980s: Lord’s Resistance Army is formed and begins rebellion against Ugandan government.

1996: Museveni wins presidential election with 75 per cent of vote.

1997: Ugandan troops support Laurent Kabila and help depose Mobutu Sese Seko of Democratic Republic of Congo (then Zaire).

1998: Ugandan troops intervene again in DR Congo, this time in support of rebels seeking to overthrow Kabila.

2001: Museveni again wins Presidential elections, this time with 69 per cent of the vote.

2002:Operation Iron Fist‘ is launched by Museveni aimed at wiping out the LRA for good.

2002: Government signs peace deal with Uganda National Rescue Front.

2003: Ugandan troops pull out of Eastern DR Congo.

2004: Government and LRA hold first face-to-face peace talks.

2005 (July): Presidential term limits are abolished. Results of a referendum are overwhelmingly supportive of a return to multi-party politics.

2005 (October): ICC issues arrest warrants for five LRA commanders, including Joseph Kony the LRA leader.

Image by Matt Lucht, published under the Creative Commons Lisence

2005 (December): International Court of Justice in the Hague finds Uganda guilty of violating the sovereignty of DRC and orders them to pay compensation.

2006 (February): Museveni wins multi-party elections with 59% of the vote, defeating Kizza Besigye, who receives 37% of the vote.

2006 (August): LRA declares ceasefire, further peace talks are held throughout 2006 and 2007.

2008: LRA and government sign permanent ceasefire in February, in Sudan, however Joseph Kony fails to attend the signing of a peace agreement in November.

2008 (December): Uganda, DRC and Sudan launch joint military offensive against LRA rebels in DRC.

2009 (January):the LRA appeals for a ceasefire and in March Ugandan forces begin to withdraw from DRC.

2009 (December): Uganda prepares to send 4,000 more soldiers to Somalia. This follows a decision by the UN Security Council on Wednesday to increase the number of peacekeepers supporting the transitional government against al-Qaida-inspired rebels from 8,000 to 12,000.

2009 (December): Wikileaks cable; the US told Uganda to let it know when the army was going to commit war crimes using American intelligence – but did not try to dissuade it from doing so, the US embassy cables suggest.

2010 (Febuary): The anti-homosexuality bills and campaigns which propose to execute those caught in homosexual acts have been continually and heatedly discussed in Uganda, the rest of Africa.

2010 (May): A proposed goverment bill which allegedly severly curbs press freedoms is in debate.  The government is giving itself powers to legally shut down newspapers by simply revoking or refusing to renew its licence. Many in Uganda and the international community have spoken out against the bill.

2010 (11 July): At least 74 people were killed in the twin bombings in Kampala on Sunday night, most of them at a rugby club. The Somali Islamist movement al-Shabaab today took responsibility for the bombings.

2011 (January): The National Identity Cards will not be ready for use during the 18 February elections as previously expected after the government yesterday suspended the plan.

2011 (February): Museveni wins another term in the February elections with 68 per cent of the vote, causing the opposition to declare the elections unfair after claims of voter bribery.

image by CIAT - International Center for Tropical Agriculture, published under the Creative Commons License