The conflict in Sudan has many faces, the best known are a ‘North-South’ conflict, ‘that problem in Darfur’ or an ‘Arab-African’ conflict. The reality is that Sudan is deeply complex with many isolated but often overlapping conflicts that blur common perceptions.

The fragile Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) which ended the civil war in 2005, in one way or another, affects almost every state in Sudan. Beneath that numerous tribal differences that continue to be politicised, and bitter oil related conflicts, exacerbate problems further. Such complexities make it almost impossible for outsiders to fully understand, once again highlighting just how indispensable local peacebuilders are. There are fears that the conflicts in Sudan have the potential to trigger a regional war, drawing in neighbouring countries.

Since the separation of South Sudan in 2011, Darfur has reemerged as conflict region, with a sharp rise in violent clashes being reported. New splinter rebel groups have taken shape and are contesting fresh demands in the South and East. The fate of the oil rich border states are still undecided, with the possibility of renewed violence. Thousands of refugees have fled conflict areas. And logistics over citizenship and the splitting of the national debt have yet to be worked out. These problems threaten to derail the entire process.

Conflict profile

Explore our guide to the conflict in Sudan. Includes a general overview, timeline, guide to key people and resources. Read more »

Stories from Sudan

Peacebuilding organisations in Sudan

Below are listed peacebuilding and conflict resolution organisations active in Sudan. Just click on a group’s name for further information.