For the past two decades, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Sub-Saharan Africa’s largest country, has been the scene of multiple conflicts at the local, national and regional levels, with the five eastern provinces of Orientale, North Kivu, South Kivu, Maniema and Katanga bearing the brunt of the violence. The so-called ‘Congolese wars’, which started in the mid-1990s, has been described as the world’s deadliest conflict since World War II, with a death toll estimated at over 5 million people. The civil war ended in 2003 and the country formally transited to peace and democracy in 2006. Despite the strong international presence and numerous peacebuilding initiatives, violence has not subsided in the east. It is amongst the most poorly ranked countries in the world for peace indicators.

Conflict has made the country’s already weak political, economic and social structures collapse entirely, ruining growth and development prospects. Despite being endowed with enormous mineral wealth (especially in its eastern regions), the DRC remains mired in mass poverty. It ranked last in the UNDP’s 2013 Human Development Index.

Conflict profile

Explore our guide to the conflict in DR Congo. Includes a general overview, timeline, guide to key people and resources. Read more »

Stories from DR Congo

Peacebuilding organisations in DR Congo

Below are listed peacebuilding and conflict resolution organisations active in DR Congo. Just click on a group’s name for further information.