Colombia has experienced an intense intrastate conflict for over half a century. Despite ongoing peace talks, a number of recent high-profile setbacks for guerrilla groups, and initial Government successes with regard to paramilitary demobilisation, hostilities continue.

The armed conflict, originating in the ideological divisions of the Cold War era, has become fuelled by drug-related violence and organised crime. Whilst left-wing governments of neighbouring Venezuela and Ecuador have been accused of supporting Colombian rebel groups in the past, relations between the countries have warmed since the start of the current peace process.

President Juan Manuel Santos, formerly known for the hard-line anti-guerrilla stance that characterised his time as Defence Minister, entered into official negotiations with the FARC in 2012. High hopes that the talks could lead to lasting peace saw Santos re-elected in 2014, on a platform of continuing existing negotiations and opening up dialogue with the country’s second largest guerrilla group – the ELN.

While slow but steady progress is being made toward peace, the success of negotiations will be dependent on all parties’ continued cooperation. With the guerrillas remaining a powerful force, and paramilitary rearmament being reported in some regions, the Colombian Government continues to face major challenges.

Conflict profile

Explore our guide to the conflict in Colombia. Includes a general overview, timeline, guide to key people and resources. Read more »

Stories from Colombia

Peacebuilding organisations in Colombia

Below are listed peacebuilding and conflict resolution organisations active in Colombia. Just click on a group’s name for further information.