Sudan Briefing: 2011-07-04
July 4 2011: Following South Sudan's referendum on independence, Insight on Conflict will be producing a weekly round-up of the news. To subscribe to receive the updates via email, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
Following South Sudan’s referendum on independence, Insight on Conflict will be producing a weekly round-up of the news. To subscribe to receive the updates via email, please contact email@example.com or complete the form below.
- North and South Sudan began the week with a preliminary deal to end fighting in South Kordofan. The deal called Southern-aligned fighters in the North to either demobilise or integrate with the Northern army. The two sides have also agreed to a 20km demilitarised boder zone when the South becomes independent.
- However, hopes for an end to the fighting were dampened after a speech in which President Omar Al-Bashir ordered his troops to “clean” South Kordofan of rebels and demanded Abdelaziz al-Hilu, a leading member of the Northern branch of the SPLM, face justice for “killing civilians”. The SPLM have said that unless Khartoum agrees to a ceasefire the fighting could spread along the border to Blue Nile and Darfur.
- The US has said that despite the continued fighting it still expects South Sudan to become independent on Saturday.
- The South has been hit by fuel and food shortages, with petrol on the black market costing up to $10 a litre. The South have said they will look at oil contracts after independence.
- The UN security council has voted to send 4,200 Ethopian peacekeepers to Abyei to monitor the withdrawl of Northern troops. The new force will be called the United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA).
- In Darfur, the Sudanese government and the rebel Liberation and Justice Movement (LJM) have agreed to delay the controversial referendum on Darfur’s administrative status until one year after a peace agreement is signed. It was also agreed the government would appoint a vice president from Darfur for the reminder of this electoral period, however President Bashir later overuled his negotiating team and refused to accept the proposal.
- The UN and the Sudanese government have launched a joint appeal for $1bn dollars to improve water supplies in Darfur to impove the prospects of peace and ease the return of IDPs.
News in detail
BBC: Sudan deal with South Kordofan and Blue Nile rebels
29 June: A deal has been agreed to end weeks of violence in Sudan’s South Kordofan state, where Northern troops have been accused of ethnic cleansing.
AFP: North and South Sudan agree to 20 km buffer zone
30 June: North and South Sudan agreed Wednesday to set up a demilitarised buffer zone along their border days before the country splits, the African Union said, but no truce has yet been reached in South Kordofan.
AFP: US predicts Sudan secession despite violence
01 July: The United States said Friday that it expected Southern Sudan’s independence to proceed without delay on July 9 despite fighting in the border state of South Kordofan and other concerns.
Bloomberg: Sudanese airstrikes probably caused civilian casualties, UN agency says
30 June: Airstrikes by the Sudanese army in the border state of Southern Kordofan from June 25 to June 28 probably caused civilian casualties, the United Nations said.
Guardian: Fuel shortages grip South Sudan
27 June: South Sudan is facing severe fuel shortages less than three weeks before it gains independence from the rest of the country. Many gas stations have shut down and those that remain open have people lining up overnight for fuel.
CNN: Southern Sudan to review oil contracts, minister says
03 July: Oil-rich Southern Sudan will review international contracts when it becomes independent, its minister of investment told CNN Sunday, focusing particular attention on the French company Total.
Sudan Tribune: Sudan and LJM rebels agree on the date of Darfur referendum
27 June: Sudanese government and Liberation and Justice Movement (LJM) agreed to delay the referendum on Darfur administrative status for one year after the signing of a peace agreement, as others issues remain unresolved.
Sudan Tribune: SLM’s Al-Nur and Minniawi establish joint alliance body
27 June: The two main factions of the rebel Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) Sunday announced the establishment of a joint political and military mechanism chaired by Abdel Wahid Al-Nur and Minni Minnawi.
AFP: Sudan seeks $1 bn in Darfur water-for-peace bid
28 June: Sudan’s government and the United Nations launched a $1-billion cash appeal Monday to help reverse the rapid decline in Darfur’s water supplies, seen as one the key drivers in the region’s conflict.
AFP: Sudan to appoint vice president from Darfur
29 June: Sudan’s government agreed Tuesday to appoint a vice president from the war-torn Darfur region, taking a step toward satisfying a key rebel demand for greater power-sharing, state media reported.
Sudan Tribune: Bashir says no to Darfur rebels’ demand for a vice-president post
01 July: Sudanese President Omer Hassan Al-Bashir said his government did not proposals to appoint a vice-president from Darfur as part of a compromise reached in Doha between his delegation and Darfur rebels.
AFP: Ethiopian peacekeeper killed in West Darfur – UN
02 July: An Ethiopian peacekeeper was killed in West Darfur and another wounded when an unidentified gunman fired at their vehicle, the joint UN-African Union mission in Sudan’s war-torn region said on Saturday.
BBC: South Sudan returnee train attacked in South Kordofan
27 June: A train carrying South Sudanese back home from the North has been attacked by a Northern Arab group, leaving one person dead, the UN says.
PBS: Nuba mountains not in danger of becoming another Darfur – Sudan envoy
28 June: Princeton Lyman, U.S. envoy for Sudan, told Margaret Warner this week that the Nuba Mountain region in Southern Kordofan, where Northern forces have moved in and many residents have fled, is not in danger of becoming another Darfur.
AP: UN allowed to visit looted Sudan offices
30 June: Authorities in North Sudan have allowed aid agencies to visit their looted offices in the town of Kadugli, where clashes in recent weeks have driven thousands from their homes ahead of the South’s imminent declaration of independence.
AFP: Bashir orders army to ‘clean’ South Kordofan of rebels
01 July: Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir on Friday ordered the army to fight in South Kordofan until it has “cleaned” the border state of rebels, in a speech just eight days before the South secedes.
Ex-rebels warn of Sudan conflict over Kordofan
03 July: The Northern branch of the ex-rebel Sudan People’s Liberation Movement warned on Sunday that the South Kordofan conflict would spread along the country’s new Southern border unless Khartoum agreed to a ceasefire.
BBC: UN authorises peacekeepers for Abyei
27 July: The UN Security Council has voted unanimously to send a 4,200-strong Ethiopian peacekeeping force to the disputed Sudanese territory of Abyei.
More from the blog
Martin Home discusses the political situation in Ethiopia has led to recent outbreaks of violence. Read more »
Osman Nur discusses peace and statebuilding in Somalia's autonomous Puntland region. Read more »